IssuesTackling Coastal Challenges
The Coastal States Organization works with the nation’s coastal States, Territories, and Commonwealths to address coastal management issues on local, regional, and national scales.
The 34 State and Territory Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Programs are leaders in the development and implementation of coastal adaptation, mitigation, and resilience strategies. CZM Programs are on the ground to support communities at every step along the path to resilience. They have the flexibility to operate across multiple levels of government and are uniquely positioned to link cutting-edge federal data and tools with local communities to address coastal changes and hazards.
Coral reefs are some of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. They make up a relatively small fraction of the ocean – less than 1% – but provide habitat to around 25% of the world’s marine life. Coral reefs are also incredibly valuable ecosystems, contributing over $10 trillion every year to the global economy. Coral reefs are threatened by changing water temperatures, ocean acidification, pollution, physical impacts from ships and storms, and invasive species. Protecting and restoring coral reef ecosystems requires a proactive, multi-phased approach that ranges from local to global efforts.
Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world and provide numerous benefits to society. The management of wetland ecosystems is complex and represent truly interdisciplinary efforts that can take decades to achieve results. Historically, wetland ecosystems have undergone substantial degradation from natural causes and human activities. In recent years, many have come to learn the true value of wetlands and their successful restoration is key to maintaining a healthy coastal ecosystem. Read more about the wetland restoration through the years.
The Community Rating System (CRS) is a voluntary program under the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) National Floodplain Program (NFIP). The goal of the CRS is to reduce flood damages to insurable property, encourage both local hazard mitigation activities and increase NFIP participation. Nationwide, many Coastal Programs have prioritized CRS as a platform for supporting communities to achieve coastal resilience.
American Shore and Beach Preservation Association (ASBPA) and CSO have issued a Joint Beach and Inlet Management Policy which calls for policies, funding, and science to address the unprecedented challenges facing our nation’s coasts.
In an era of rising sea levels, changing Great Lake levels, increasing storm intensity, coastal erosion and flooding, and lack of available coastal sediment, Congress and the Administration must take major steps to help coastal managers maintain critical resources. CSO and ASBPA call for action to improve sediment management, permitting of coastal projects, funding for project planning, design, and implementation, responsible coastal development, and critical science and research. The joint policies set forth key recommendations for how to balance the multiple uses and values of our coastal resources, while ensuring those values are maintained or improved for future generations.